VirtualBox does not start on Mac OS X

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QUESTION :

Suddenly and without notice, VirtualBox application doesn’t start.

First, it just didn’t do anything. Not even an error message. I looked in the system log (/var/log/system.log) and I found these two messages repeated every time I tried starting VirtualBox:

[0x0-0xbb0bb].org.virtualbox.app.VirtualBox[4224]: VirtualBox: supR3HardenedVerifyDir: Cannot trust the directory "/Applications/VirtualBox.app/Contents/
MacOS": group and/or other writable (st_mode=040777)
com.apple.launchd.peruser.501[237] ([0x0-0xbb0bb].org.virtualbox.app.VirtualBox[4224]): Exited with code: 1

I did some research and found similar problems, most of them indicating problems with permissions. So I found that in order to fix it, I should change the permissions as follows:

sudo chmod 755 /Applications/VirtualBox.app/Contents/MacOS
sudo chmod 755 /Applications/VirtualBox.app/Contents/MacOS/components

After that, when trying to start the application I get a pop-up window saying:

Effective UID is not root (euid=501 egid=20 uid=501 gid=20) (rc=-20)

Please try reinstalling VirtualBox.

I would like to avoid that suggestion, as I have many important VMs and I don’t want to lose them.

Then, is there any way to fix this without reinstalling. I haven’t found any other good info about this that could solve the problem.

If there was no other option than reinstalling, is there anyway to backup the VMs? Digging into VirtualBox directory I haven’t found anything sounding like a VM package/file containing each VM.

Regards

ANSWER :

All your VirtualBox VMs and the application’s settings are not stored in the actual .app file. You can try reinstalling it by just running the installer again. This is also how you would update VirtualBox to a newer version.

Your original VMs and settings are stored in ~/VirtualBox VMs, ~/Library/VirtualBox and ~/Library/Preferences, respectively. You can of course make a backup of those if they are really important to you, and if you haven’t yet it’s really a good time to set up Time Machine.

To resolve this on El Capitan when using Virtualbox versions lower than 6.x run the following from terminal:

for bin in VirtualBox VirtualBoxVM VBoxNetAdpCtl VBoxNetDHCP VBoxNetNAT VBoxHeadless; do
    sudo chmod u+s "/Applications/VirtualBox.app/Contents/MacOS/${bin}"
done

For me, the accepted answer was an unattractive workaround, since re-installing Virtual Box destroys authorization for the Windows Virtual Boxes that I spent a day downloading, installing and setting up for testing apps and websites on different versions of heinous IE.

The core issue is that permissions have become messed up, and Virtual Box is picky about them.

Here is a solution for those who, like me, would rather not spend another wasted day on getting IE testing up and running with Windows in Virtual Box.

  • in Finder, use “Go” to go to this folder:
    /Applications/VirtualBox.app/Contents/

  • Click on Folder “MacOS”

  • Get info

  • Unlock the lock at the bottom right of the window

  • Make sure only system can read and write

  • Click the gear to apply to all enclosed items

  • close this window

Now Terminal can open Virtual Box:

sudo /Applications/VirtualBox.app/Contents/MacOS/VirtualBox

Virtual Box should launch.

**However, whenever you want VirtualBox to launch, you must use the sudo line above in Terminal, clicking the app still throws the error. **

I’ll post an edit if I can get past that. At least pasting that line in Terminal doesn’t take a day. Good luck everybody!

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